Some 60% of Japanese firms are finding it increasingly difficult to secure sufficient workers, hit by a pervasive labor shortage that is pushing up hiring costs and starting to eat into profits, a Reuters poll shows.

Japan today

Q:次の動詞の S「V」O は何ですか?

A:
Japanese firms [are finding] (sufficient) workers

これは、SVOCの形になります。

firms [are finding] it difficult

さらに、目的語 it は、仮目的語でその内容が、

[to secure] (sufficient) workers

となります。

a pervasive labor shortage (that) [is pushing up] hiring costs
OK!

a pervasive labor shortage (that) [is starting] to eat into profits

Q:次の準動詞の S「V」O は何ですか?

A:
it (increasingly difficult) [to secure] (sufficient) workers,

これは、

firms [to secure] (sufficient) workers,

となります。

(firms) [hit] by a pervasive labor shortage
過去分詞の分詞構文ですね。

(a pervasive labor shortage) [to eat] into profits

Q:「前」+O のメインの名詞は何ですか?説明しているのは何ですか?

A:
Some 60% ← [of] (Japanese) firms
OK!

(firms) hit ← [by] (a pervasive) labor shortage
OK!

Q:A「and,but,or」B の A と B は何ですか?

A:
(shortage) that [is pushing up] hiring costs
and
(shortage) that [is starting] to eat into profits,

Q:この「that」は関係詞、同格、名詞を作る、のどれですか?

a pervasive labor shortage that is pushing up hiring costs and starting to eat into profits

A:
関係詞

Q:この関係詞の先行詞は何ですか?関係節で抜けているSかOはどこですか?

A:
先行詞 shortage
(shortage) that [is pushing up] hiring costs
and
(shortage) that [is starting] to eat into profits,

that の後ろにSが抜けている。

Q:「it」は、仮主語?仮目的語?

Some 60% of Japanese firms are finding it increasingly difficult to secure sufficient workers

A:
仮目的語

これは、SVOCの形になります。

(Some 60% of Japanese) firms [are finding] it (increasingly) difficult [to secure] (sufficient) workers,

説明を取り除くと、

firms [are finding] it difficult [to secure] workers

目的語 it は、仮目的語でその内容は、

[to secure] workers

Q:説明関係を意識して文を読みます。

Some 60% of Japanese firms are finding it increasingly difficult to secure sufficient workers, hit by a pervasive labor shortage that is pushing up hiring costs and starting to eat into profits, a Reuters poll shows.

A:
(Some 60% of Japanese) firms [are finding] it (increasingly) difficult [to secure] (sufficient) workers,

(firms) [hit] (by a pervasive labor shortage)
(shortage) that [is pushing up] hiring costs
and
(shortage) that [is starting] to eat into profits,

a Reuters poll shows.

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