with のつかいかた3つ+α

Collins COBUILD English Usage c HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


1. basic uses

If one person or thing is with another, they are together in one place.

I stayed with her until she fell asleep.

The dictionaries go on that shelf with the other reference books.

If you do something with a tool or object, you do it using that tool or object.

Clean the floor with a mop.

He pushed back his hair with his hand.

2. used to mention an opponent

You use with after verbs like fight or argue.
For example, if two people are fighting,
you can say that one person is fighting with the other.

He was always fighting with his brother.

Judy was arguing with Brian.

Similarly, you can use with after nouns like fight or argument.

I had a disagreement with my friend.

She won a legal battle with her employer.

3. used in descriptions

You can use with immediately after a noun phrase to mention a physical feature that someone or something has.

He was an old man with a beard.

They lived in a house with white walls and a red roof.

You can use with like this to identify someone or something.
For example, you can refer to someone as ‘the tall man with red hair’.

Who’s that girl with the gold earrings?

Our house is the one with the blue shutters.

You don’t usually use ‘with’ to mention what someone is wearing.
Instead you use in.
身につけているものを言うのは in をつかう

I noticed a smart woman in a green dress.

The office was full of men in suits.

Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, c 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

17. (used as a function word to specify an additional circumstance or condition):

We climbed the hill, with Jeff following behind.
Jeff は後方


1. accompanied by; accompanying: I will go with you.
2. in some particular relation to (esp. implying interaction, company, association, conjunction, or connection): I dealt with the problem. She agreed with me.
3. characterized by or having: a person with initiative.
4. by the use of as a means or instrument; using: cut with a knife.
5. in a manner using or showing: to work with diligence.
6. in correspondence, comparison, or proportion to: How does their plan compare with ours?
7. in regard to: to be pleased with a gift.
8. owing to: to shake with fear.
9. in the region, sphere, or view of: It is day with us while it is night with the Chinese.
10. from: to part with a thing.
11. against, as in opposition or competition: Don’t fight with your brother.
12. in the keeping or service of: to leave something with a friend.
13. in affecting the judgment, estimation, or consideration of: Her argument carried a lot of weight with the trustees.
14. at the same time as or immediately after; upon: And with that last remark, she turned and left.
15. of the same opinion or conviction as: Are you with me on this issue?
16. in proximity to or in the same household as: He lives with his parents.
17. (used as a function word to specify an additional circumstance or condition): We climbed the hill, with Jeff following behind.